Since 3 December 2014, where a person holding an ISA dies and that person was married or in a civil partnership, the surviving spouse/civil partner is entitled to an extra ISA allowance (even where the spouse/civil partner does not actually inherit the ISA). This is referred to as the Additional Permitted Subscription (APS) allowance.
This allowance may be used with the ISA provider of the deceased or an ISA provider chosen by the surviving spouse/civil partner. If the spouse/civil partner selects a different ISA provider, the allowance is passed to that ISA provider.
Broadly, the time limit for using the allowance is three years from date of death.
This is an additional allowance independent of the normal annual ISA allowance.
This is not dependent on inheriting the actual money or investment in the deceased’s ISA. That follows the normal estate process. It is an allowance that equals the value of the ISA(s).
Where the deceased held multiple ISAs with different ISA providers there will be a separate APS allowance with each of the ISA providers.
The APS allowance is not something that can be transferred to another person; it is to be used solely by the spouse/civil partner of the deceased.
If there is no surviving spouse/civil partner there is no APS allowance.
The APS allowance does not apply to Junior ISAs or Child Trust Funds.
Anyone whose spouse/civil partner died on or after the 3 December 2014 and at the date of death were:
The availability of the APS allowance is not limited to UK residents. So customers who have moved abroad but whose spouse/civil partner still held an ISA(s) in the UK at the date of their death will be entitled to the APS allowance. In certain circumstances how they use the allowance will be limited by the fact they live abroad. Any questions or concerns over this should be directed to the ISA provider.
This depends on the date of death of the deceased ISA investor.
Where the ISA investor died between 3 December 2014 and 5 April 2018 - The APS allowance equals the value of the ISA(s) at the date of death.
Where the ISA investor died on or after 6 April 2018 - Any ISA(s) held may remain open as a continuing account of a deceased investor, referred to here as a continuing ISA. The APS allowance equals the higher of the value of the ISA(s) at the date of death or the value of the ISA(s) at the date the ISA(s) cease(s) to be a continuing ISA.
The account will cease to be a continuing ISA on the earlier of the following:
Where multiple ISAs are held with one ISA provider, the value at the date of closure will be the total value of all ISAs at the date of closure of each account.
When the APS allowance is used, in whole or in part, the value of the APS allowance is fixed and cannot be changed.
Contact the deceased’s ISA provider(s) for information to ask what is needed for them to provide information about the APS allowance. In all instances the death must have been registered with the ISA provider(s) before they can supply information about the APS allowance.
APS allowance subscriptions, referred to here as payments, can be made to any type of ISA by using cash or by transfer of investments.
Restrictions on payments may apply depending on the type of ISA being used. Any questions should be referred to the ISA provider before an APS payment is made.
Payments made by cash - Payments can be made in cash to any type of ISA in the usual way, including by cheque or bank transfer, and do not have to be made using the money from the inherited ISA.
Payments made by transfer of investments - Payments can be made by the transfer of inherited investments which were held in the deceased spouse/civil partner’s ISA, to an ISA with the same ISA provider without selling the investments (an in specie transfer). The value of assets at the time the transfer is made counts towards the APS allowance limit. In specie transfers apply only to ISAs where investments may be held such as a Stocks & Shares ISA.
The APS allowance has been available since 6 April 2015. For APS allowance payments made in cash, the APS allowance is available for three years after the date of death, or for up to 180 days after administration of the estate is complete (i.e. when the personal representatives have distributed the assets of the estate), whichever is the later. This is known as the ‘permitted period’. For deaths between 3 December 2014 and 5 April 2015, the time limit began on 6 April 2015.
However the permitted period for APS allowance payments made in specie is within 180 days of beneficial ownership passing to the surviving spouse/civil partner. [For distributions between 3 December 2014 and 5 April 2015, the permitted period began on 6 April 2015.]
The APS allowance may be used with the deceased’s ISA provider or another ISA provider.
Not all ISA providers will accept APS allowance subscriptions, but they are obliged to pass relevant APS allowance information on to another ISA provider.
ISA providers will require certain information from you (the spouse/civil partner) to open an ISA. They will also require an application form to use the APS allowance, which will typically include information such as:
A declaration of eligibility for the APS allowance will be required and further declarations will be required every time an additional APS payment is made. Your ISA provider may ask you to provide additional documentation to open an account or to make an APS payment.
Some ISA providers will allow payments to be made in instalments whereas other ISA providers may require a lump sum payment.
If the lump sum payment is less than the total amount of the APS allowance then any remaining allowance will be lost.
The ISA provider can require that the APS allowance is used in a separate ISA or by topping up an existing ISA.
You can transfer your APS allowance, subject to the other ISA provider agreeing to accept the transfer.
The new ISA provider should be approached to start the transfer and once started, ISA regulations require that this takes place within 30 days.
The APS allowance can only be transferred once, and only where no APS payments have been made.
APS allowances can be held with more than one ISA provider if the deceased held ISAs with more than one ISA provider.
After an APS payment has been made, the cash and/or investments can be transferred to another ISA provider. If the APS allowance has not been fully used, and the original ISA provider allows payments in instalments, any further APS payments must be made to the original ISA provider before they can be transferred.
The HMRC bereavement helpline team on 0300 200 3300 will be able to respond to any detailed queries about dealing with the APS allowance or the deceased’s estate.
The deceased spouse’s/civil partner’s ISA provider will be able to respond to any detailed queries about using the APS allowance.